Many theists throughout history have believed all of the following propositions: 1) God is perfectly loving, just, fair, powerful, and provident. 2) Every human person will survive the death of the physical body and will be judged by God. 3) As a result of judgment by God, some human persons will live eternally in a state of bliss (often called 'salvation in Heaven'), and others will live eternally in a state of misery (often called 'condemnation in Hell'). 4) God wants every human person to live eternally in a state of bliss (salvation in Heaven). In this paper, I wish to explore a question for those who believe all of these propositions together: could the salvation of particular human persons depend upon luck?
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 45, 1999, 129-137.