Disruptions in feeding and body weight control in gastrin-releasing peptide receptor deficient mice
Bombesin (BN) interacts with two mammalian receptor subtypes termed gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP)- preferring (GRP-R) and neuromedin B (NMB)- preferring (NMB-R) that may mediate the satiety action of BN. We examined the feeding behavior of mice that were deficient in the GRP-R (GRP-R KO) to assess the overall contribution of this receptor subtype in the feeding actions of BN-related peptides. GRP-R KO mice failed to suppress glucose intake in response to systemically administered BN and GRP18–27, whereas both peptides elicited a potent reduction of intake in wild-type (WT) mice. Neither GRP-R KO nor WT mice suppressed glucose intake following NMB administration. Unlike the impaired responses to BN-like peptides, the feeding inhibitory action of cholecystokinin was enhanced in GRP-R KO mice. Consistent with behavioral results, GRP-R KO mice also exhibited a reduction in c-Fos immunoreactivity in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) following peripheral administration of BN. An evaluation of meal patterns showed that GRP-R KO mice ate significantly more at each meal than WT mice, although total 24 h food consumption was equivalent. A long-term analysis of body weight revealed a significant elevation in GRP-R KO mice compared with WT littermates beginning at 45 weeks of age. These data suggest that the GRP-R mediates the feeding effects of BN-like peptides and participates in the termination of meals in mice.
Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 174, No. 2, 2002, 273-281.