Athletic Eligibility and the Americans with Disabilities Act
The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; Public Law 101-336) in 1990 led to efforts to ensure universal participation in facilities and programs for individuals with disabilities.Title II of the ADA provides "no qualified individual with a disability shall, by reason of such disability, be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits of the services, programs, or activities of a public entity, or be subjected to discrimination by any such entity" (United States Department of Justice, 2001; see table 1 for definitions of legal terms such as "qualified individual"). Individuals who have impairment in walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning or working are protected under the language of the ADA (Appenzeller, 1998; Dougherty, 1994).
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Vol. 73, No. 1, January 2002, 11-14.