The effects of dose and repeated administration on the longer-term hypophagia produced by amphetamine in rats
Rats are hypophagic approximately 1–3 and 13–27 h after receiving amphetamine (2.0 mg/kg). This study examined how these short- and longer-term phases of hypophagia were affected by repeated administration of different amphetamine doses. Throughout eight five-day tests, the rats could lever press for food pellets for 1-hour periods beginning every three hours. On test day 1, the rats were treated with saline, and on test day 3, they were treated with a dose of amphetamine. Across tests, for one group, treatment on day 3 alternated between 0.0 (saline) and 0.5 mg/kg amphetamine; for a second, group treatment on day 3 alternated between 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg amphetamine; and for a third group, treatment on day 3 was always 1.0 mg/kg amphetamine. The patterns of food intake following day 1 saline and day 3 treatment were compared. Short-term food intake was abolished by 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg amphetamine, and no tolerance was observed to this effect. Longer-term hypophagia was produced by 1.0 and 2.0 but not by 0.5 mg/kg. Tolerance to longer-term hypophagia was seen when 1.0 mg/kg alone was used as the day 3 treatment, but not when 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg were alternated across tests as the day 3 treatment. Short- and longer-term hypophagia were dissociated by threshold doses for elicitation and by differential tolerance. Occasional receipt of a higher amphetamine dose may sometimes increase the longer-term hypophagia produced by a lower dose.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, Volume 97, Issue 2, December 2010, Pages 384-391.