The Acinetobacter regulatory UmuDAb protein cleaves in response to DNA damage with chimeric LexA/UmuD characteristics
In the DNA damage response of most bacteria, UmuD forms part of the error-prone (UmuD′2)C polymerase V and is activated for this function by self-cleavage after DNA damage. However, the umuD homolog (umuDAb) present throughout the Acinetobacter genus encodes an extra N-terminal region, and in Acinetobacter baylyi, regulates transcription of DNA damage–induced genes. UmuDAb expressed in cells was correspondingly larger (24 kDa) than the Escherichia coli UmuD (15 kDa). DNA damage from mitomycin C or UV exposure caused UmuDAb cleavage in both E. coli wild-type and ΔumuD cells on a timescale resembling UmuD, but did not require UmuD. Like the self-cleaving serine proteases LexA and UmuD, UmuDAb required RecA for cleavage. This cleavage produced a UmuDAb′ fragment of a size consistent with the predicted cleavage site of Ala83–Gly84. Site-directed mutations at Ala83 abolished cleavage, as did mutations at either the Ser119 or Lys156 predicted enzymatic residues. Co-expression of the cleavage site mutant and an enzymatic mutant did not allow cleavage, demonstrating a strictly intramolecular mechanism of cleavage that more closely resembles the LexA-type repressors than UmuD. These data show that UmuDAb undergoes a post-translational, LexA-like cleavage event after DNA damage, possibly to achieve its regulatory action.
FEMS Microbiology Letters, Volume 334, Issue 1, September 2012, Pages 57–65.