The Current NHL Lockouts: For Better or Worse?
Since 1967, the National Labor Relation Board (NLRB), an independent government agency that governs labor issues and unfair practices, has demanded the professional athletes forming their player union to negotiate with team owners concerning all labor issues under the collective bargaining agreements (CBAs). Under the CBAs, players and owners must faithfully negotiate mandatory issues such as length of contract, work hours, wages and working conditions. Despite the great intent of the establishment of CBAs, players and owners can fail to reach agreement and eventually lead their dispute to either a strike or lockout.
The Sports Digest, December 6, 2012.