Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2021


Morale among nurses is declining rapidly, this could be due to the rising mental illnesses like anxiety, depression, chronic fatigue, stress, worry and post-traumatic stress disorder. Not to mention the rate of suicide in female nurses is 11.97/ 100,000 compared to non-nurse females having a rate of 7.58/ 100,000. Also, male nurses have an incidence of suicide at a rate of 39.8/ 100,000 compared to non-nurse males at 28.2/ 100,000. A thorough literature review was conducted and a total of 40 studies were reviewed. Common themes that emerged were "A decrease in nursing staff retention related to low satisfaction, lack of resources, unfair compensation, and lack of communication,” "the higher that staffing levels are, the better clinical outcomes and the better the patient's experience is," "frontline health care workers are at an increased risk for suffering from mental illness which directly affects work performance, patient care and outcomes, and life outside of work." An important conclusion showed that a nurse's mental health status affects the quality of patient care and positive outcomes. As a result of this literature review an intervention was developed in the form of workshops for different coping strategies, stress and other information for support/ discussion groups that could be provided to nursing staff.